Soils

Phase Separation Science analyzes soil samples that are regulated under a number of programs including the:

  • Brownfields sites for cleanup and redevelopment
  • Hazardous waste characterization for disposal and other wastes regulated under Resource Conservation Recovery Act (RCRA)
  • Leaking Underground and Above Ground Storage Tanks (UST/AST)
  • Site investigations or confirmation sampling

Soil samples are analyzed for contaminants by EPA SW846 Methods (Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste, Physical/Chemical Methods) to determine if they meet state or federal cleanup standards under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). In addition to regulated cleanup levels, disposal facilities that take in contaminated soils have their own requirements.

TCLP is the appropriate leaching method when examining the leaching potential of a soil, water or waste in a landfill. The action levels are set regulatory limits for hazardous waste and can be found on line in 40 CFR 261.21-24. However, when determining the impact to groundwater or surface waters from material left in situ, it is more appropriate to use the SPLP (Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure).

  • Analysis
  • Method
  • Ammonia, Nitrogen
  • Bromide
  • BTEX plus MTBE and Naphthalene
  • Chloride
  • Chromium, Hexavalent
  • Cyanide, Total
  • Dioxins
  • Dioxins (2378-tcdd only)
  • Extractable Organic Halides (EOX)
  • Flash Point
  • Fluoride
  • Glycols (Propylene and Ethylene)
  • Herbicides, Chlorinated
  • Mercury
  • Mercury, Elemental
  • Metals, except Mercury
  • Metal, Mercury Cold Vapor
  • Metals, Priority Pollutant (13)
  • Metals, RCRA (8)
  • Metals, TAL (23)
  • Moisture Content
  • Nitrogen, Ammonia
  • Nitrogen, Nitrate
  • Nitrogen, Nitrite
  • Nitrogen, Nitrate-Nitrite
  • Nitrogen, Total Kjeldahl (TKN)
  • Oil and Grease (Gravimetric HEM)
  • Paint Filter Liquids Test
  • PCBs
  • Pesticides, Organochlorine
  • Pesticides, Organophosphorus
  • pH – Corrosivity
  • Phosphorus, Orthophosphate
  • Phosphorus, Total
  • Polynuclear Aromatic
  • Priority Pollutant Pesticides
  • Priority Pollutant PCBs
  • Priority Pollutant Semi-Volatile
  • Priority Pollutant Volatile
  • Reactivity (Cyanide, Sulfide)
  • Semi-Volatile Organic
  • Sulfate
  • TCLP/SPLP (VOC, SVOC, Pests, Herbs, Metals, DRO, ORO and/or GRO)
  • TKN, Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen
  • Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
  • Total Organic Halogens (TOX)
  • TPH-GC (DRO)
  • TPH-GC (GRO)
  • TPH-GC (ORO)
  • TPH (SGT-HEM)
  • Volatile Organic Compounds
  • SM 4500-NH3B, C, D, E or F / EPA 350.1
  • EPA 300.0
  • EPA 8021B / 8260B
  • EPA 300.0
  • SM 3500Cr B / EPA 7196A
  • SM 4500CN E / EPA 9014
  • EPA 8290 / 1631
  • EPA 8290 / 1631
  • EPA 9020B / 9023 / 9078
  • EPA 1020A
  • EPA 300.0
  • EPA 8015M
  • EPA 8151A
  • EPA 6020A
  • EPA 3200
  • EPA 6020A
  • EPA 245.2
  • EPA 6020A
  • EPA 6020A
  • EPA 6020A
  • ASTM D 2216
  • SM 4500-NH3B, C, D, E or F / EPA 350.1
  • SM 4500-NO3D / EPA 300.0
  • SM 4500-NO2B / EPA 300.0
  • SM 4500-NO3E / EPA 300.0
  • SM 4500-NH3B, C or E
  • EPA 1664M / 9071BM
  • EPA 9095B
  • EPA 8082A
  • EPA 8081B
  • EPA 8141
  • SM 4500 H+B / EPA 150.1
  • EPA 365.1
  • EPA 365.1 and 365.3
  • EPA 8270C
  • EPA 8081B
  • EPA 8082A
  • EPA 8270C
  • EPA 8260B
  • EPA SW 846-7.3
  • EPA 8270C
  • SM 4500-SO4C or D / EPA 300.0
  • EPA 1311 / 1312 /
    Various
  • SM 4500-NH3B, C or E
  • SM 5310B, C or D
  • EPA 9020B / 9023 / 9078
  • EPA 8015C
  • EPA 8015C with 5030 prep
  • EPA8015M
  • EPA 1664M / 9071BM
  • EPA 8260B with 5030 or 5035 prep